Understanding Organizations

Understanding Organizations Using the Four Frame Model: Factories or Machines [Structure], Family [Human Resources], Jungle [Politics], and Theatres, Temples or Carnivals [Symbols]


Bolman, L, & Deal, T. (2003). Reframing organizations:  Artistry, choice, and leadership (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass [Chapter 1.].    See also.  Gallos, J. V. “Reframing Complexity: A Four-Dimensional Approach to Organizational Diagnosis, Development and Change.” In Gallos, J. V. (Ed.). Organization Development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006.


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