Instructional Design Models and Theories
Instructional Design Models and Theories History*
- 1903 – Ivan Pavlov discovers Classical Conditioning Theory, while conducting research on the digestive system of dogs.
- 1910 – Thorndike introduces its Laws and Connectionism Theory, which are based on the Active Learning Principles.
- 1922 – Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Köhler introduce Gestalt Psychology.
- 1932 – Psychologist Frederic Bartlett proposes the Schema Theory.
- 1937 – B.F. Skinner introduces the Operant Conditioning Theory.
- 1937 – May and Doob publish Competition and Cooperation, where the Cooperative and Collaborative Learning Theory is launched, discussed and analyzed.
- 1950s – The Information Processing Theory emerges.
- 1950s – Computer-based Instruction is used in educational and training environments.
- 1954 – Skinner introduces the Programmed Instruction Educational Model.
- 1960s – The Inquiry-based Learning Model is developed, based on constructivist learning theories.
- 1961 – Jerome Bruner introduces the Discovery Learning Model.
- 1960s – Howard Barrows introduces Problem-based Learning (PBL) in the medical education program at McMaster University in Canada.
- 1963 – David Ausubel publishes his findings on the Subsumption Theory.
- 1962 – The Keller Plan revolves around the Individualized Instruction Model and is used in educational environments throughout the United States.
- 1971 – Allan Paivio hypothesized about the Dual Coding Theory; a theory of cognition.
- 1974 – Merlin Wittrock publishes the Generative Learning Theory.
- 1978- Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Learning Theory influences the West.
- 1979 – Charles Reigeluth introduces the Elaboration Theory.
- 1980 – Reginald Revans introduces the Action Learning Model.
- 1983 – David Merrill introduces the Component Display Theory and Instructional Model.
- 1983 – J. M. Keller’s ARCS Model of Motivation is published.
- 1988 – Spiro, Feltovich, and Coulson introduce their Cognitive Flexibility Theory.
- 1989 – Brown, Collins, Duguid and Newman introduce their Situated Cognition Theory and the Cognitive Apprenticeship Model.
- 1990 – The Cognition & Technology Group at Vanderbilt University develops the Anchored InstructionEducational Model.
- 1990s – Multimedia and CD-ROMs are introduced in educational environments.
- 1991 – Lave and Wenger introduce the Communities of Practice Model and the Situated Learning Theory in “Situated learning: legitimate peripheral participation”.
- 1991 – Hudspeth and Knirk publish the case-based Learning Model in Performance Improvement Quarterly.
- 1992 – Roger C. Schank releases a technical report, introducing the Goal-based Scenario Model.
- 1993 – The first Computer-supported Intentional Learning Environments (CSILEs) prototype is used in a university setting.
- 1995 – Saltzberg and Polyson publish Distributed Learning on the World Wide Web, which outlines the Distributed Learning Model.
- 1995 – Dodge and March develop WebQuest.
- 1996 – Professor Joseph R. Codde publishes a report that outlines Contract Learning.
- 2007 – M. Lombardi publishes a report, outlining the Authentic Learning Model.
more on ID in this IMS blog