Some economists say OpenStax and other OER producers helped to halt the decades-long rise of textbook prices, which, along with other supplies, now set the average undergraduate back between $1,200 and $1,440 each school year, according to the College Board.
Feeling squeezed, for-profit publishers are searching for new revenue by selling colleges digital homework systems that charge students up to $100 for a semester’s worth of access. Since professors typically require use of these tools to participate in class, students complain that they are essentially being charged to turn in their assignments.
First, OpenStax came for textbooks. Now, it’s coming for courseware.
And for some faculty, the biggest question is: What about the extras the publishers give us (like those homework systems that automatically grade work students turn in)?
“They’re not very inclined to take on a new textbook that will require them to change the way they’ve been teaching, significantly altering their syllabus with new tests and resources and ways of assessing students, changing their PowerPoint slides,” says Nathan Smith, philosophy instructor and OER coordinator at Houston Community College, which offers a few “Z-Degrees,” the catchy phrase used to describe entire programs that have zero textbook costs.
“But once faced with intense competition from Open Stax, et al., the ‘textbook cartel’ had to, for the first time, start offering low-cost options for students to maintain their market share, or suffer from a significant loss of market share,” Perry said in an email interview.
For example, this year, giants Cengage and McGraw-Hill announced plans to merge and offer a subscription-based service that combines their digital libraries. Many publishers are also pushing “inclusive access” programs, in which colleges buy access to digital textbooks from publishers in bulk and then charge students a fee to cover those costs.
Commercial texts and tools make it too easy for some faculty to outsource their teaching and course design, Smith says, although he’s empathetic to part-time instructors whose workloads outweigh their resources. Open materials return some power to professors.
“We’re letting publishers determine what gets taught in our institutions,” Smith says. “I think a part of reclaiming faculty integrity and academic freedom—and what we think is most important about our jobs—is to reclaim the control of your course materials.”
results have been mixed, but a meta-analysis published this year in the journal Educational Technology Research and Development found “students achieve the same or better learning outcomes when using OER while saving significant amounts of money.”
National #GoOpen Summit
REGISTER NOW: Registration for the National #GoOpen Summit: Leading with Pedagogy is open. The conference is being held on November 7-8, 2019 in Washington, D.C. https://t.co/WFZae2tOYz#OER #opened #highered
— OER Digest (@OERdigest) October 18, 2019
The University Library is hosting its 3rd Open Access Week events from Monday October 21st – Friday October 25th . All events will take place in the University Library, MC 218.
Monday October 21st, 1 pm – 2 pm: Open Access Publishing
We will facilitate a discussion panel about open access publishing / open textbooks / OERs on this day. Based on your experience with open access publishing, creating open textbooks or OERs, we invite you to participate in the discussion.
Wednesday October 23rd, 10 am – 11 am: Creative Commons 101
Know “the code” to re-use, remix, and communicate with others how you would like your works to be used.
Thursday October 24th, 2 pm – 3 pm: The Repository, Opendora, and Beyond
What is the best platform for your work? Learn about the different OA publishing options.
We have a new textbook! Introducing Business Law I Essentials, the only essentials textbook by OpenStax. It’s a brief introductory book that serves as a foundational resource, covering baseline concepts and approaches.
— OpenStax (@OpenStax) September 27, 2019
Bill and Melinda Gates, who declared that “textbooks are becoming obsolete” in their 2019 annual letter.
One of the assumptions behind the Gates’ prediction is that the growth of instructional software will replace textbooks.
Spending data suggests that instructional software is indeed growing in classrooms. From 2011 to 2014, U.S. spending on PreK-12 instructional technology steadily ticked upwards, from $2.6 billion to $3.3 billion,
Specific to college textbooks, print-only titles accounted for 45 percent of U.S. higher education courseware in 2015, down from 50 percent the year before, according to a 2018 report from Macquarie, an investment bank and financial services company. Digital-only textbooks accounted for 29 percent, while digital-and-print bundles accounted for 26 percent.
In a 2018 survey of college students, the trade publication Library Journal found that 75 percent say that reading print books is easier than e-books.
Chegg (https://ereader.chegg.com/#/), a student services provider that notably sold its print textbook inventory to Ingram in 2015, adoption of digital materials among students has been slower than he predicted.
For Pearson, non-digital revenues still dominate at 38 percent, down from 41 percent the year prior. Digital revenue grew to 34 percent from 32 percent the year prior. E-book revenue grew over 20 percent for the second year. The company has invested in a partner rental program
listen to podcasts from EdSurge discussing OER issues, such as Congress legislation: